The total ruins of Neolithic Age discovered in Tibet include the ruins of Karub, Lesser Enda and Gyangqen in Chamdo. Among them, Karub ruins are the earliest remains so far found in Tibet . Most of the pottery displayed in the Tibet Museum was from Karub Ruins, followed by pottery from Gunggar Qamgo Gully. The pottery unearthed from the ruins of Karub is on a large scale ,regardless of quantity and quality, and its shape, patterns and lines possess the typical characteristics of ceramic craftsmanship in the early times on the plateau.
The ruins of Karub can be traced back to 4,300-5,300 years ago, and among the 20,000 pottery shards unearthed, 1,234 pieces can still be recognized. It basically exemplifies ceramics craftsmanship at the end of the Tibetan pre-historic period. The pottery were mainly made by hand. The pursuit of practicability of pottery gave a way to artistic pursuit gradually then. The pottery trimming technology of the ruins illustrates the slow-wheel trimming craftsmanship, but it is far behind trimming technology of ceramics of the Qugung Ruins. The surface was not very smooth although it was polished many times. The pottery adornments are mainly cut lines, such as circles, single and double curving lines, and so on. The line adornments are rich in patterns, which are all on the upper half of pottery, The pottery wares are in gray, red, yellow and black, most of them are red and gray. In firing, the duration and degree of heating was not perfect enough and they were not heated evenly. Perhaps there was no pottery kiln then, and people just fired pottery in the open air. Some pottery wares still have smoke marks and they might have been used as a cooker. The pottery from the Karub ruins is very simple in shape. They are only different with the diameter of their bellies. The typical manufacturing characteristic is that a circle of earth strips was added to the largest diameter in the belly on the surface, and lines were adorned and pressed on it. The pottery mainly includes pots, basins and bowls. They all have flat bottoms and maybe were mainly used as vessels.
Among the pottery from the Karub ruins, there is a "double-body pottery pot" , It is 18.7CM high and 29.2CM wide. Its opening diameter is 11CM and its bottom diameter is 8CM . This pot was made of fine yellow pottery sand. It is in shape of double-body and connected opening. The opening is round and the edge turns outward. The two bellies are in an elliptical shape with a short button on each side and flat bottom. The neck was carved with double curving lines; one belly was carved with double inverted V lines. It is a significant highlight among pre-historic cultural relics. It looks like two animals standing face to face, and a pair of buttons with a hole on the shoulder looks like the animals’ tails.
The Karub culture possesses a strong regional color. Besides pottery, other fine polished stoneware are also vivid. For construction, there are different construction relics including houses, stoves, ash pit, etc. Their residential construction level of troglodytic style had great impact on the future architectural technology in Tibetan areas.
The pottery ware unearthed from Karub Ruins involves religious effects. As the birthplace of various original religious doctrines such as the Bon religion in Tibetan areas, Some pottery segments were painted in red and some pottery was used to carry paint. In the ancient time red was viewed as a symbol of life and strength, symbolizing the Tibetan ancestors’ vital life. We can also say that the history of Tibet ancient pottery is a visual developing history of pre-historic Tibet.
No regular buses to go there, tourists have to ask for a lift or take a taxi in Qamdo County. It takes about $15 by taxi for going and back.